Optical fiber products are defined by many parameters that will vary for each application and for each potential system design within those applications.
If you are using Coractive optical fibers or looking at the solutions we offer, understanding standard fiber specification nomenclature is important to identify the right product for your application.
With this article, you will have a guide to better understand our standard fiber nomenclature when browsing our catalogue and will know what to expect as typical specs for different fiber types.
Standard Parameters of an Optical Fiber
The most basic parameters that define an optical fiber are its core and cladding diameters. They define the actual physical dimensions of the fiber, critical when filing them in cables or placing them in optical devices. In the telecommunications industry, optical fiber parameters are standardized to assure long-term reliability and enable integration in global networks. In more industrial applications, fiber dimensions can give a general idea of the expected application power handling, since more power requires a bigger fiber to reduce its heat density.
To give an idea of typical optical fiber dimensions, commonly used fibers in telecommunication systems have a core diameter of less than 10 microns and a cladding diameter of 125 microns, with the outer protective coating layer around 250 microns. For comparison, a single hair can be as large as 100 microns!